The size and boundaries of the wetland are defined by the land plan for Kogweno Oriang registration section where it is registered as L.R. 881 in the name of South Nyanza County Council and gazetted in 1997as a N. Sanctuary owned by Kendu Bay Urban Council (now Kendu Bay Town Council) with the technical assistance from Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) (Ref: A letter from the Kendu Bay Town Council dated 15/10/12 Ref: TC/12/1/1/26)
A total of 1192 birds were counted in the wetland belongng to 22 species comprising of 13 families as shown in the table below.
- The wetland strides two administrative boundaries of Kogweno Oriang’ East and Kogweno Oriang’ West, in Kogweno Oriang Location.
- A total of 30 clans live as riparian community around Ondago wetland, and have co-existed since time immemorial.
- These clans are related in many ways including intermarriage, sharing market places, religion, social amenities and domestic water points, cattle grazing and salt lick areas and attending funerals together.
- The original size and boundaries of the wetland was estimated to be 45 Ha.
- No major conflicts have been experienced with regard to the use of the wetland as a common resource, other than the rush to overgraze the wetland. It should be noted that, the adjacent plots of the surrounding community are demarcated and subdivided with parcel numbers.
- The capacity of the wetland to hold large volumes of water during rainy seasons has been reducing drastically over the past 10-20 years.
- The major benefit that the community derives from the wetland in its current state is pastures and salt lick sites.
- the most commonly experienced problems by the neighbouring household with regard to the existence of wetland are: malaria incidences resulting from mosquito bites; over flow and flooding of the riparian farm lands during heavy rains;
- There is no wetland-based enterprise currently practised by the riparian community.
Protected Area Type
The main threats to the existence of the wetland include: uncontrolled animal grazing; direction of storm water from the Kendu - Homa Bay road; encroachment on the wetland by the riparian community; construction of other development structures within the wetland; construction of drains which seem to be draining water from the wetland instead of recharging it.
Bostrychia hagedash brevirostris
Balearica regulorum gibbericeps
Grey crested crane
Streptopelia capicola somalica
Ring necked Dove
Spur winged plover
Threskiornis a. aethiopicus
Scopus u. umbretta
Egretta gularis garzetta
Charadrius hiaticula tundrae
Charadrius t. Tricollaris
Three banded Plover
Charandrius leschenaultii crassirostris
Greater sand plover
Himantopus h. Himantopus
Black winged stilt
Tringa totanus usseriensis
Columba g. Guinea
Motacilla c. Cinerea
Anthus cinnamomeus lacuum
22 species belonging to 13 families