Ondago Swamp National Sanctuary

The size and boundaries of the wetland are defined by the land plan for Kogweno Oriang registration section where it is registered as L.R. 881 in the name of South Nyanza County Council and gazetted in 1997as a N. Sanctuary owned by Kendu Bay Urban Council (now Kendu Bay Town Council) with the technical assistance from Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) (Ref: A letter from the Kendu Bay Town Council dated 15/10/12 Ref: TC/12/1/1/26)

A total of 1192 birds were counted in the wetland belongng to 22 species comprising of 13 families as shown in the table below. 

Key features

  1. The wetland strides two administrative boundaries of Kogweno Oriang’ East and Kogweno Oriang’ West, in Kogweno Oriang Location.
  2. A total of 30 clans live as riparian community around Ondago wetland, and have co-existed since time immemorial.
  3. These clans are related in many ways including intermarriage, sharing market places, religion, social amenities and domestic water points, cattle grazing and salt lick areas and attending funerals together.
  4. The original size and boundaries of the wetland was estimated to be 45 Ha.
  5. No major conflicts have been experienced with regard to the use of the wetland as a common resource, other than the rush to overgraze the wetland.  It should be noted that, the adjacent plots of the surrounding community are demarcated and subdivided with parcel numbers.
  6. The capacity of the wetland to hold large volumes of water during rainy seasons has been reducing drastically over the past 10-20 years. 
  7. The major benefit that the community derives from the wetland in its current state is pastures and salt lick sites.
  8. the  most commonly experienced problems by the  neighbouring  household with regard to the  existence of wetland are: malaria incidences  resulting from mosquito bites; over flow and flooding of the riparian farm lands during heavy rains;
  9. There is no wetland-based enterprise currently practised by the riparian community.

Protected Area Type

Park Size

0.45 sq. Km
  • Bird watching

Attractions

The main threats to the existence of the wetland include: uncontrolled animal grazing; direction of storm water from the Kendu - Homa Bay road; encroachment on the wetland by the riparian community; construction of other development structures within the wetland; construction of drains which seem to be draining water from the wetland instead of recharging it.

No.

Family

Species

common name

Totals

1

Anatidae

Alopochen aegyptiacus

Egyptian goose

18

2

Threskiornithidae

Bostrychia hagedash brevirostris

Hadada Ibis

166

3

Gruidae

Balearica regulorum gibbericeps

Grey crested crane

15

4

Columbidae

Streptopelia capicola somalica

Ring necked Dove

15

5

Charadriidae

vanellus spinosus

Spur winged plover

40

6

Threskiornithidae

Threskiornis a. aethiopicus

Sacred Ibis

26

7

Scopidae

Scopus u. umbretta

Hammerkop

7

8

Ardeidae

Egretta gularis garzetta

Little egret

140

9

Fringillidae

Lonchura bicolor

Black-and-white Manikin

359

10

Charadriidae

Charadrius hiaticula tundrae

Ringed plover

31

11

Charadriidae

Charadrius t. Tricollaris

Three banded Plover

38

12

Jacanidae

Actophilornis africanus

African jacana

3

13

Charadriidae

Charandrius leschenaultii crassirostris

Greater sand plover

13

14

Scolopacidae

Tringa stagnatilis

Marsh Sandpipper

12

15

Montacillidae

Motacilla flava

Yellow Wagtail

222

16

Recurvirostridae

Himantopus h. Himantopus

Black winged stilt

2

17

Scolopacidae

Tringa totanus usseriensis

Common Redshank

5

18

Scolopacidae

Tringa nebularia

Common  Greenshank

12

19

Columbidae

Columba g. Guinea

Speckled Pegeon

10

20

Montacillidae

Motacilla c. Cinerea

Grey wagtail

50

21

Sturnidae

Lamprotornis superbus

Superb Starling

4

22

Montacillidae

Anthus cinnamomeus lacuum

Grassland Pipit

4

 

22 species belonging to 13 families

 

 

 

 

Park Resources

Park Gallery